Long term effects of online dating
These short-term side effects usually go away over time after treatment is over.
Late effects, on the other hand, may happen many years later. This means that many different kinds of healthy, normal cells are dividing faster than they would be in an adult.
But chemo drugs can damage normal cells, too, which can cause short-term and long-term side effects.
Chemotherapy damage to quickly dividing cells can cause side effects such as low blood cell counts, nausea, diarrhea, or hair loss during treatment.
Other things that can affect a child’s risk include: Late effects are caused by the damage that cancer treatment does to healthy cells in the body.
Most late effects are caused by chemotherapy or radiation. Chemotherapy (chemo) is the use of drugs to kill cancer cells.
In some cases, surgery may be fairly minor and may leave nothing more than a scar.
In other situations it may need to be more extensive and require removing part or all of an organ, or even a limb.
But some problems might not go away or might not show up until months or years after treatment. Because more children with cancer now survive into adulthood, their long-term health and these late effects have become a focus of care and research.
Normal brain cells grow quickly in the first few years of life, making them very sensitive to radiation.
Doctors try to avoid using radiation therapy to the head or to postpone it in children younger than 3 years old to limit damage that might affect brain development.
Some children are at greater risk for side effects.
For example, children with the hereditary form of retinoblastoma (an eye cancer) are more sensitive to the effects of radiation.